England for attractions, hotels,
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The oldest parts of York, that
contain most of the tourist
attractions, are situated inside the
Old City Walls, that are the most
intact city walls in England, about 2.5
miles in length, with 4 main Bars/Gates
such as the Bootham Bar right. The
gates serve as gateways into the city.
Most of the walls are from the Norman
era, although there are some remains of
Roman and Viking walls.
York Castle, situated in the centre
of York, was built in stone from 1270
to replace an earlier wooden castle on
the site. The main tower, sometimes
referred to as Cliffords Tower, is all
that remains of York Castle. The
fortress walls and buildings were
dismantled in the 1700s to be replaced
by three large buildings, as seen top
right of this page. The new buildings
were to serve as a court and prisons.
Two of these buildings now serve as
York Castle Museum. The famous
highwayman Dick Turpin was tried and
imprisoned here before his execution in
York Minster, in the centre of York,
is a huge gothic cathedral built from
1230 to 1472. The Crypt below the
cathedral dates to Roman times, and
many Archbishops, including St William
of York, are buried there. This is the
largest Gothic Cathedral in the UK, 4th
largest Gothic cathedral in the world
by volume after Seville, Cologne
The Old City has many narrow streets
and squares with a mixture of buildings
including timber framed from the 1400s
- 1700s such as Gert & Henry's
Restaurant, situated at the Newgate
Market in the centre of Old York, and
St Williams College Restaurant at the
rear of York Minster on College Street.
The narrowest, and most known street is
named The Shambles, where some
buildings are only a few feet apart.
There are many period shops,
restaurants and bar diners in the
narrow streets around the cathedral.
The city also has a good variety of
Georgian town houses such as Fairfax
House, claimed to be the finest
Georgian town house in England.
There is a good selection of hotels
in the centre of York such as the
looking onto York Castle, Royal York
Hotel by the train station with
views over York Minster, and the
Grand situated about 400 yards from
the train station. Many More Hotels.
York is a walled city founded by the
Romans in 71AD named Eboracum. The city
is situated in North Yorkshire, on the
rivers Ouse and Foss. The main Train
Link between London and
Edinburgh/Scotland runs through the
city, London being about 205 miles
south and Edinburgh 209 miles north,
about 2 hours travel time by train.
York was taken over by Angles in the
5th century after the Romans withdrew
from England, becoming the major city
of northern England under the name
Eoferwic. The Vikings captured the city
in 866, renaming it Jorvik. The name
changed to York about the year 1000.
The Norman conquest of England in 1066,
led to the North and South of England
merging into one country.