Page by: J Parker
Facts about how Brexit came
about and the procedure that
This story shows just how far
individuals and companies will go
for their own good.
1957, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands and West Germany signed the Treaty
of Rome, creating the European Economic
Community, start of the European Union -
1973 - the UK and Ireland joined the
2002 - the Euro currency starts being used
by most EU countries. The UK keeps their own
currency, the UK Pound.
2004, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia,
Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland,
Slovakia, and Slovenia joined the EU, leading
to mass migration throughout Europe.
2011 - the Syrian Civil War breaks out
leading to mass migration from that area to
Europe, and a number of terror attacks
2013 Jan - UK Prime Minister David Cameron
announced he would hold an in or out referendum
on EU membership before the end of 2017, on a
2016 Feb - Cameron announced the referendum
date on 23rd June 2016, confident his
renegotiated package was enough to secure a
Leave campaigners pushed - stopping freedom
of travel into the UK, secure the UK borders,
have UK courts in control of UK issues, and
stop paying vast amounts of money into the
The remain campaign pushed - the UK would be
worse off outside the EU, and used many famous
people around the UK, and world, to get their
The leave campaign had writing on their
large red bus stating - We Send the EU £350
million a week - let's fund our NHS instead -
Vote Leave - lets take back control.
The remain campaign claimed they could not
use all the £350 million per week for the
The leave campaign claimed they would use
some of the £350 million per week, but could
not state how much.
Sky News, BBC, and ITV ridiculed anyone that
stated the vote to leave the EU could win.
2016 April 22nd - the US president Barrack
Obama stated Brexit would leave the UK at the
back of the queue on trade with the US.
2016 June 24th - UK people woke to the news
they would be leaving the EU with 51.9% of the
vote - 48.1% had voted to remain.
Ukip leader Nigel Farage claimed Obama
helped secure the Brexit vote by trying to
scare the UK people into how to vote.
David Cameron announced on the same day he
2016 June - Gina Miller challenge the
authority of the British Government to start
the withdrawal procedure from the EU, starting
a long and costly legal battle.
2016 July 11th - Theresa May becomes the new
leader of the Conservative Party.
2016 Nov 8th - Donald Trump becomes the
president of the United States, claiming the UK
would be one of the first countries he wanted
to deal with.
This time leads to a number of people
beginning campaigns to stop Brexit, or to use
Brexit for their own personal gain, these
included Nicola Sturgeon and Alex Salmond of
the Scottish National Party, Nic Clegg and Tim
Farron of the Liberal Democrats, and the
business woman Gina Miller born in Guiana.
Media companies such as Sky News, BBC, and
ITV looked like they were trying everything
they could to stop Brexit.
The SNP stated they wanted a separate deal
so Scotland could remain in the Single Market.
They claimed banks and services in London could
then move to Scotland for better access to the
Some Liberals were accused of plotting with
top EU officials on ways to stop Brexit.
2017 Jan 17th - Theresa May delivers her
speech on Brexit stating the UK would be
leaving the Single Market and Customs Union,
and stop the vast payments to the EU.
2017 Jan 24th - the Supreme Court found in
favour of Gina Miller by stating there had to
be a vote in parliament before they could start
the process to leave the EU.
2017 Jan 25th - Theresa May informs
Parliament she will provide a white paper on
her plans for Brexit and call for a vote in the
2017 Jan 26th - Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn
stated he supported the peoples vote to leave
and would try to force Labour MP's to vote for
starting the exit procedure from the EU.
2017 Jan 27th - Theresa May visits the US
for talks with President Trump, the first
foreign leader to do so.
2017 Feb 1st - MPs vote 498 to 114 in favour
of beginning Brexit.
2017 March 1st - the Lords vote to amend the
Brexit bill, they want to guarantee EU workers
right to remain in the UK.
2017 13 March - MPs vote in favour of not
amending the Brexit bill, Lords are forced to
agree, allowing the process to go ahead.
2017 March 28th - SNP secure a majority vote
in the Scottish Parliament to state they want a
second independence referendum. Theresa May
states there will not be another referendum
until after Brexit is finalized.
2017 March 29th - the UK starts the process
of Brexit by sending a formal document to the
2017 April 19th - Theresa May calls for a
General Election to be held on 8th June
May states Labour, Liberals and the Scottish
Nationalist Party were going to try and prevent
the UK from getting a good deal with the EU
involving trade and stopping freedom of
movement, so was forced to call an
2018 Jan - EU and UK agree a 2 year
transition deal so companies will have time to
adjust to the new trade structure.
2018 Jan 9th - EU negotiators state they are
considering sanctions against the UK if they do
not do as the EU say they should during the
2018 26th February - Jeremy Corbyn of Labour
states they want to remain in a Customs Union
that would see the UK have to remain under EU
laws, have freedom of movement, and not be able
to do trade deals by themselves.
2018 March 1st - Theresa May gives a speech
stating the UK is looking for a free trade deal
with the EU similar to Canada, but want to stay
close to Europe with certain things such as
chemicals, medicine, and aviation. This is what
David Davis has said all along, a Canada plus
plus deal. This deal would see the UK have
their own laws and have full control of trade
deals around the world.
2018 March 1st - EU leaders and UK
politicians trying to stop Brexit have little
to say in response.
2018 March 5th - a Russian Spy that defected
to the UK and his daughter are poisoned in the
2018 March 14th - UK state they have proof
it was Russia behind the poisoning of the spy
using a Russian Nerve Agent named Novichok. The
UK state they are taking action against Russia
and want countries throughout the EU to unite
2018 March 15th - Russia states the
poisoning had nothing to do with them -
claiming it may have been carried out by UK
agents for political gain as part of the UK
Brexit negotiation was that the EU needed the
UK to help combat Russia.
The UK and US deported many Russian
diplomats over the Skripal case.
2018 April 7th, there are reports of a
chemical attack in the Syrian city of Douma,
claimed to be by Syrian Government forces.
Syrian forces and the Russians claim there
was either no chemical attack, or the attack
was staged so the rebels could gain
International military help.
2018 April 10th - US, France and the UK
state they intend to attack Syria before a full
investigation is held into the attack.
2018 April 13th - the Russians claim the UK
was behind the claim there was a chemical
attack in Syria and they had evidence. Russia
accused the UK of funding rebels in Syria and
used those rebels to stage the chemical
2018 April Saturday 14th - Trump orders
attacks on Syria just hours before the Chemical
Weapons Inspectors reached the scene of the
alleged chemical attack.
The UK and France took part in the attacks
with UK politicians demanding to know why they
took part in the attacks before debating the
issue in Parliament and before the Weapons
2018 April Saturday 14th - the Russians
claim it was a US / UK Nerve Agent named BZ
that was used to poison the Skripals, claiming
that is why the Russian and his daughter never
died as the BZ Nerve Agent is not as potent as
the Russian Nerve Agent.
2018 April Saturday 14th - UK newspapers
track down alleged victims of the Douma
chemical attack, children in the video.
2018 April Saturday 14th - the Weapons
Inspectors start their research at the scene of
the reported Chemical Attack in the Syrian city
of Douma. Their findings seem to have been top
2018 April 18th - the House of Lords votes
in favour of remaining in A Customs Union. This
is said to be an attempt to give Labour and
some Conservative back benchers the power to
force the government into remaining in some
sort of A Customs Union. The Lords vote was
overturned in Parliament a few days later.
2018 July 9th - David Davis and Boris
Johnston resign from the Conservative Cabinet
as they seemed unhappy with the Brexit
strategy, claiming the UK strategy would allow
the EU to retain too much control over UK
2018 Sept 11th - the UK named two Russian
men believed to be the ones that poisoned the
Skripal's. They released video evidence
claiming to show the two men in Salisbury on
two different days. One of the video clips is
claimed to show them in a residential area not
close to any tourist attractions.
2018 Sept 13th - the two Russian men appear
on TV stating they are civilians that were on
holiday visiting Tourist attractions in
Salisbury. They admitted being there on two
different days, stating the bad weather on
their first trip led to them returning the day
2018 14th November - Theresa May and her
Cabinet agree to a Draft Withdrawal Agreement
to leave the EU. The Agreement would stop
Freedom of Movement, Stop the EU Courts from
having a say in the UK, Stop the UK paying vast
sums of money each year to the EU, and there
would be a Free Trade Deal that would allow
goods to pass through the borders with the
minimal of checks.
2018 15th November - the Brexit Secretary
Dominic Raab resigns over the Agreement,
stating there is a section in it about the
Irish Backstop that could lead to the UK
remaining in the EU for many years, or even for
ever. A few other Conservatives also resign
over that part of the Agreement.
2018 15th November - about two thirds of
Parliament state they will vote the Agreement
down when it is presented to Parliament for
approval in mid December.
Many politicians are accused of playing
politics with this extremely important event,
such as - Labour want to use this opportunity
to force a General Election, Liberals want to
use this opportunity to force a Second Vote,
and the SNP want to use the situation to gain a
second Independence Referendum. Some Hard Line
Conservatives were accused of only wanting to
leave the EU with No Deal, straight to WTO
2018 10th December - Theresa May put the
meaningful Vote back as she knew most
politicians were eager to vote against her
People claim most Politicians want to remain
in the EU, so will never agree to anything that
sees the UK leave the EU in a way that stops
Freedom of Movement and stops the EU Courts
having power over the UK.
2019 15th January - the Meaningful Vote took
place with the Deal being rejected by 432
Politicians, only 202 voted for the Deal. May
then asked the opposition to talk about what
Deal they would vote for, with most opposing
the deal refusing to talk.
2019 12th May - the Second Meaningful Vote
took place with the Deal being rejected by 391
Politicians, 242 voted for the Deal.
2019 13th May - Parliament voted in favour
of ruling out a No Deal.
2019 14th May - Parliament voted in favour
of requesting an extension to Article 50,
either a short extension to get a deal through,
or long extension to try and work out what deal
they can agree on.
2019 18th May - Speaker of the House of
Commons - John Bercow, rules out a third
Meaningful Vote on same deal.
2019 20th May - Theresa May states to
Parliament she had sent a letter to the EU
asking for a short delay to Article 50.
Parliament then agreed to debate the length of
the extension and the reasons for the
2019 27th May - Parliament conducted a
number of votes to see what deal they might
agree on. They disagreed on 8 options. They
then stated they would reduce the options for
the following week to see if they could then
find something they could agree on.
2019 29th May - Theresa May brings her
meaningful vote back for a third time, although
only to vote on the withdrawal side. This vote
was lost with 344 voting against and 286
2019 1st April - Parliament conducted votes
on four proposals with Remaining in a Customs
Union having 273 votes for and 276 against.
Remaining in the Customs Union and Single
Market that would keep Freedom of Movement had
261 votes for and 282 against. Votes to prevent
a No Deal and to secure a Second Referendum
also failed to gain a majority.
2019 2nd April - Theresa May held a 7 hour
Cabinet Meeting where they decided to undertake
talks with Labour about going for a Brexit that
could be backed by Labour. Sources state Brexit
could then be staying in a Customs Union,
something most in Parliament want. A number of
Politicians, known for wanting to stop Brexit,
then begin pushing hard for a Second Referendum
as their last chance to stop Brexit.
2019 10th April - Theresa May goes to the EU
to ask for a Short Extension to Brexit to 30th
June to give her time for talks with Labour.
May has a short discussion with the EU delgates
then is told to wait outside while they discuss
her request. The EU delegates took her back in
after about 4 hours and told her they were
forcing her to accept a longer extension to
October 31st 2019.
2019 11th April - Theresa May attends
Parliament with all sides making it plain to
her they still disagree on everything and hove
no intentions of changing. May informs them if
Labour are not serious about talks, she will
carry out votes to force them agree on
something. Parliament then declare they are off
for an Easter holiday. Many Politicians claim
this is a time of National Emergency, costing
the country £Billions each month, yet they go