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Brexit

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Page by: J Parker

Facts about how Brexit came about and the procedure that followed.

This story shows just how far individuals and companies will go for their own good.

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1957, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands and West Germany signed the Treaty of Rome, creating the European Economic Community, start of the European Union - EU.

1973 - the UK and Ireland joined the European Union.

2002 - the Euro currency starts being used by most EU countries. The UK keeps their own currency, the UK Pound.

2004, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia joined the EU, leading to mass migration throughout Europe.

2011 - the Syrian Civil War breaks out leading to mass migration from that area to Europe, and a number of terror attacks throughout Europe.

2013 Jan - UK Prime Minister David Cameron announced he would hold an in or out referendum on EU membership before the end of 2017, on a renegotiated package.

2016 Feb - Cameron announced the referendum date on 23rd June 2016, confident his renegotiated package was enough to secure a remain vote.

Leave campaigners pushed - stopping freedom of travel into the UK, secure the UK borders, have UK courts in control of UK issues, and stop paying vast amounts of money into the European Union.

The remain campaign pushed - the UK would be worse off outside the EU, and used many famous people around the UK, and world, to get their message across.

The leave campaign had writing on their large red bus stating - We Send the EU £350 million a week - let's fund our NHS instead - Vote Leave - lets take back control.

The remain campaign claimed they could not use all the £350 million per week for the NHS.

The leave campaign claimed they would use some of the £350 million per week, but could not state how much.

Sky News, BBC, and ITV ridiculed anyone that stated the vote to leave the EU could win.

2016 April 22nd - the US president Barrack Obama stated Brexit would leave the UK at the back of the queue on trade with the US.

2016 June 24th - UK people woke to the news they would be leaving the EU with 51.9% of the vote - 48.1% had voted to remain.

Ukip leader Nigel Farage claimed Obama helped secure the Brexit vote by trying to scare the UK people into how to vote.

David Cameron announced on the same day he would resign.

2016 June - Gina Miller challenge the authority of the British Government to start the withdrawal procedure from the EU, starting a long and costly legal battle.

2016 July 11th - Theresa May becomes the new leader of the Conservative Party.

2016 Nov 8th - Donald Trump becomes the president of the United States, claiming the UK would be one of the first countries he wanted to deal with.

This time leads to a number of people beginning campaigns to stop Brexit, or to use Brexit for their own personal gain, these included Nicola Sturgeon and Alex Salmond of the Scottish National Party, Nic Clegg and Tim Farron of the Liberal Democrats, and the business woman Gina Miller born in Guiana.

Media companies such as Sky News, BBC, and ITV looked like they were trying everything they could to stop Brexit.

The SNP stated they wanted a separate deal so Scotland could remain in the Single Market. They claimed banks and services in London could then move to Scotland for better access to the Single Market.

Some Liberals were accused of plotting with top EU officials on ways to stop Brexit.

2017 Jan 17th - Theresa May delivers her speech on Brexit stating the UK would be leaving the Single Market and Customs Union, and stop the vast payments to the EU.

2017 Jan 24th - the Supreme Court found in favour of Gina Miller by stating there had to be a vote in parliament before they could start the process to leave the EU.

2017 Jan 25th - Theresa May informs Parliament she will provide a white paper on her plans for Brexit and call for a vote in the following days.

2017 Jan 26th - Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn stated he supported the peoples vote to leave and would try to force Labour MP's to vote for starting the exit procedure from the EU.

2017 Jan 27th - Theresa May visits the US for talks with President Trump, the first foreign leader to do so.

2017 Feb 1st - MPs vote 498 to 114 in favour of beginning Brexit.

2017 March 1st - the Lords vote to amend the Brexit bill, they want to guarantee EU workers right to remain in the UK.

2017 13 March - MPs vote in favour of not amending the Brexit bill, Lords are forced to agree, allowing the process to go ahead.

2017 March 28th - SNP secure a majority vote in the Scottish Parliament to state they want a second independence referendum. Theresa May states there will not be another referendum until after Brexit is finalized.

2017 March 29th - the UK starts the process of Brexit by sending a formal document to the EU.

2017 April 19th - Theresa May calls for a General Election to be held on 8th June 2017.

May states Labour, Liberals and the Scottish Nationalist Party were going to try and prevent the UK from getting a good deal with the EU involving trade and stopping freedom of movement, so was forced to call an election.

2018 Jan - EU and UK agree a 2 year transition deal so companies will have time to adjust to the new trade structure.

2018 Jan 9th - EU negotiators state they are considering sanctions against the UK if they do not do as the EU say they should during the transition period.

2018 26th February - Jeremy Corbyn of Labour states they want to remain in a Customs Union that would see the UK have to remain under EU laws, have freedom of movement, and not be able to do trade deals by themselves.

2018 March 1st - Theresa May gives a speech stating the UK is looking for a free trade deal with the EU similar to Canada, but want to stay close to Europe with certain things such as chemicals, medicine, and aviation. This is what David Davis has said all along, a Canada plus plus deal. This deal would see the UK have their own laws and have full control of trade deals around the world.

2018 March 1st - EU leaders and UK politicians trying to stop Brexit have little to say in response.

2018 March 5th - a Russian Spy that defected to the UK and his daughter are poisoned in the UK.

2018 March 14th - UK state they have proof it was Russia behind the poisoning of the spy using a Russian Nerve Agent named Novichok. The UK state they are taking action against Russia and want countries throughout the EU to unite with them.

2018 March 15th - Russia states the poisoning had nothing to do with them - claiming it may have been carried out by UK agents for political gain as part of the UK Brexit negotiation was that the EU needed the UK to help combat Russia.

The UK and US deported many Russian diplomats over the Skripal case.

2018 April 7th, there are reports of a chemical attack in the Syrian city of Douma, claimed to be by Syrian Government forces.

Syrian forces and the Russians claim there was either no chemical attack, or the attack was staged so the rebels could gain International military help.

2018 April 10th - US, France and the UK state they intend to attack Syria before a full investigation is held into the attack.

2018 April 13th - the Russians claim the UK was behind the claim there was a chemical attack in Syria and they had evidence. Russia accused the UK of funding rebels in Syria and used those rebels to stage the chemical attack.

2018 April Saturday 14th - Trump orders attacks on Syria just hours before the Chemical Weapons Inspectors reached the scene of the alleged chemical attack.

The UK and France took part in the attacks with UK politicians demanding to know why they took part in the attacks before debating the issue in Parliament and before the Weapons Inspectors report.

2018 April Saturday 14th - the Russians claim it was a US / UK Nerve Agent named BZ that was used to poison the Skripals, claiming that is why the Russian and his daughter never died as the BZ Nerve Agent is not as potent as the Russian Nerve Agent.

2018 April Saturday 14th - UK newspapers track down alleged victims of the Douma chemical attack, children in the video.

2018 April Saturday 14th - the Weapons Inspectors start their research at the scene of the reported Chemical Attack in the Syrian city of Douma. Their findings seem to have been top secrete.

2018 April 18th - the House of Lords votes in favour of remaining in A Customs Union. This is said to be an attempt to give Labour and some Conservative back benchers the power to force the government into remaining in some sort of A Customs Union. The Lords vote was overturned in Parliament a few days later.

2018 July 9th - David Davis and Boris Johnston resign from the Conservative Cabinet as they seemed unhappy with the Brexit strategy, claiming the UK strategy would allow the EU to retain too much control over UK affairs.

2018 Sept 11th - the UK named two Russian men believed to be the ones that poisoned the Skripal's. They released video evidence claiming to show the two men in Salisbury on two different days. One of the video clips is claimed to show them in a residential area not close to any tourist attractions.

2018 Sept 13th - the two Russian men appear on TV stating they are civilians that were on holiday visiting Tourist attractions in Salisbury. They admitted being there on two different days, stating the bad weather on their first trip led to them returning the day after.

2018 14th November - Theresa May and her Cabinet agree to a Draft Withdrawal Agreement to leave the EU. The Agreement would stop Freedom of Movement, Stop the EU Courts from having a say in the UK, Stop the UK paying vast sums of money each year to the EU, and there would be a Free Trade Deal that would allow goods to pass through the borders with the minimal of checks.

2018 15th November - the Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab resigns over the Agreement, stating there is a section in it about the Irish Backstop that could lead to the UK remaining in the EU for many years, or even for ever. A few other Conservatives also resign over that part of the Agreement.

2018 15th November - about two thirds of Parliament state they will vote the Agreement down when it is presented to Parliament for approval in mid December.

Many politicians are accused of playing politics with this extremely important event, such as - Labour want to use this opportunity to force a General Election, Liberals want to use this opportunity to force a Second Vote, and the SNP want to use the situation to gain a second Independence Referendum. Some Hard Line Conservatives were accused of only wanting to leave the EU with No Deal, straight to WTO rules.

2018 10th December - Theresa May put the meaningful Vote back as she knew most politicians were eager to vote against her Deal.

People claim most Politicians want to remain in the EU, so will never agree to anything that sees the UK leave the EU in a way that stops Freedom of Movement and stops the EU Courts having power over the UK.

2019 15th January - the Meaningful Vote took place with the Deal being rejected by 432 Politicians, only 202 voted for the Deal. May then asked the opposition to talk about what Deal they would vote for, with most opposing the deal refusing to talk.

2019 12th May - the Second Meaningful Vote took place with the Deal being rejected by 391 Politicians, 242 voted for the Deal.

2019 13th May - Parliament voted in favour of ruling out a No Deal.

2019 14th May - Parliament voted in favour of requesting an extension to Article 50, either a short extension to get a deal through, or long extension to try and work out what deal they can agree on.

2019 18th May - Speaker of the House of Commons - John Bercow, rules out a third Meaningful Vote on same deal.

2019 20th May - Theresa May states to Parliament she had sent a letter to the EU asking for a short delay to Article 50. Parliament then agreed to debate the length of the extension and the reasons for the extension.

2019 27th May - Parliament conducted a number of votes to see what deal they might agree on. They disagreed on 8 options. They then stated they would reduce the options for the following week to see if they could then find something they could agree on.

2019 29th May - Theresa May brings her meaningful vote back for a third time, although only to vote on the withdrawal side. This vote was lost with 344 voting against and 286 for.

2019 1st April - Parliament conducted votes on four proposals with Remaining in a Customs Union having 273 votes for and 276 against. Remaining in the Customs Union and Single Market that would keep Freedom of Movement had 261 votes for and 282 against. Votes to prevent a No Deal and to secure a Second Referendum also failed to gain a majority.

2019 2nd April - Theresa May held a 7 hour Cabinet Meeting where they decided to undertake talks with Labour about going for a Brexit that could be backed by Labour. Sources state Brexit could then be staying in a Customs Union, something most in Parliament want. A number of Politicians, known for wanting to stop Brexit, then begin pushing hard for a Second Referendum as their last chance to stop Brexit.

2019 10th April - Theresa May goes to the EU to ask for a Short Extension to Brexit to 30th June to give her time for talks with Labour. May has a short discussion with the EU delgates then is told to wait outside while they discuss her request. The EU delegates took her back in after about 4 hours and told her they were forcing her to accept a longer extension to October 31st 2019.

2019 11th April - Theresa May attends Parliament with all sides making it plain to her they still disagree on everything and hove no intentions of changing. May informs them if Labour are not serious about talks, she will carry out votes to force them agree on something. Parliament then declare they are off for an Easter holiday. Many Politicians claim this is a time of National Emergency, costing the country £Billions each month, yet they go on Holiday.

J Parker

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