The Borough of Liverpool was founded
by King John in 1207, but Liverpool
remained a small Town for many
The early 1700s saw the Town and Port
expand rapidly through Trade with the
West Indies and its involvement in the
1815 - the first powered Mersey
Ferries begin crossing between
Liverpool and the Wirral Peninsula.
1892 - Liverpool
Football Club is founded becoming one
of the most successful clubs in Europe by
1830s - the 34 mile long Liverpool and
Manchester Railway opened, connecting
these two main northern Cities.
1839 - the first Grand
National horse race is run at the
1839 - Samuel
Cunard begins the first Steamship
Mail Company operating Paddle Steamers on
the Liverpool to Halifax and Boston
1894 - the Liverpool to
Manchester Canal is opened taking
ships up to 600ft long.
1907 - the Port of
Liverpool Building is completed at
the Pier Head with its distinctive
central dome to serve as the headquarters
of the Mersey Docks.
1907 - the 787ft long liners Lusitania
and Mauritania began operating between
Liverpool and New York, being two of the
largest and fastest ships of their time,
operating at the height of emigration
from Europe to the US.
1911 - the Royal Liver
Building is completed at the Pier
Head with its notable 322ft high twin
towers. This Building serves as the head
office for the Royal Liver Assurance.
1917 - the Cunard
Building is completed next to the
Liver Building to serve as headquarters
for the Cunard Steamship Company.
These three Buildings are now known as
The Three Graces.
1960 - The
Beatles band are formed in Liverpool,
becoming one of the top bands of all
time. Tourists from all over the world
visit Liverpool to view the locations
they first played, and wrote many of
their songs about.
1967 - the modern style Liverpool
Metropolitan Cathedral is completed
as the top Catholic Church in Liverpool.
The City has a large population of Irish
1972 - the historic Albert
Dock at Liverpool is closed.
1978 - the huge Liverpool
Cathedral is completed as a
Protestant Church of England, the largest
Cathedral in the UK by volume.
1980s - work begins to transform the
Albert Dock into Apartments, Shops, and
1980s - the Merseyside
Maritime Museum is opened and
expanded at the Albert Dock, covering the
Transatlantic Slave Trade, Emigration and
the Famous Liners, Merchant Navy, and the
More History of Liverpool at wiki/Liverpool