Cardiff is the largest city in Wales,
home to the Welsh Government and the
Principality Stadium for major sporting
and entertainment events, formerly the
William the Conqueror began the
building of Cardiff Castle in 1081, on
the site of an old Roman Fort. The town
grew up around the castle and port.
Cardiff was caught up in many battles
between 1081 and the early 1400s. These
battles were an attempt to keep English
kings from ruling Wales, known as the
The Act of Union between England and
Wales in 1536 led the two countries
merging. Scotland merged with England and
Wales in 1707, and Ireland merged in
1800, leading to the Kingdom of Great
1648, during the Second English Civil
War, the Battle of St
Fagans, 5 miles west of Cardiff, saw
the Parliamentarian forces of Oliver
Cromwell defeat the Royalists and and
take control of Wales. This was the last
major battle in Wales.
1820s, Cardiff docks were built up by
the wealthy Scots landowner John
Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess
of Bute, descendant of King Robert
the Bruce. Bute increased his wealth
through exporting coal and iron from
Cardiff. Bute also took control of
Castle at that time, transforming it
into a stately home.
1880s, Cardiff had become the largest
town in Wales, shipping more coal than
any other port in the world.
1905, Cardiff was made a city.
1955, Cardiff became the capital of
Wales. There had been no capital city in
Wales until this time.
1960s, coal exports had virtually
ceased, and the Moors Steelworks closed
in 1978, leading to the docks being run
1990s, the docks at Cardiff undergoe
transformation into an area for
recreation, museums, shopping, and sea
view apartments. The area is now known as
1998, the National Assembly for Wales
is introduced to give the Welsh power to
make legislation in Wales.
Senedd (National Assembly Building)
is built at Cardiff Bay in an award
winning architectural design.
More History of Cardiff at: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardiff