The earliest recorded history of
Haltwhistle is of Paulinus (Roman missionary
and the first Bishop of York) who tried to to
convert the inhabitants of Haltwhistle and
surrounding area to Christianity between 625
1100s, the earliest parts of the Church of
the Holy Cross are built in the town centre.
The church holds the tomb of the crusader
Thomas de Blenkinsopp, who died in 1388.
1200s, Haltwhistle and surrounding areas
are regularly attacked by Border Reivers or
Raiders. These raiders were Scottish and
English, raiding farms and towns over the
following 4 hundred years.
Many houses built in Haltwhistle up to the
1700s have fortifiactions.
1207, Haltwhistle is granted the right to
hold weekly markets by King John. The market
place becomes the centre of town, is used for
bull bating, and holds gallows for puplic
1306, King Edward I, stayed in the town
while leading his army into Scotland to try
and defeat Robert the Bruce, who had just
claimed himself King of Scotland during the
Scottish Wars of Independance.
1597, a young local woman and her Scottish
husband are hung at the Market Square, as
marriage between English and Scots was seen
as unaceptable at the time.
1598, Haltwhistle is raided by the
Scottish Border Reivers - the Armstrongs of
Liddesdale, in daylight, burning houses,
killing many residents, and making off with
1603, King James VI of Scotland is crowned
King of England, becoming King James I of
England, the start of the Stuart dynasty that
ruled England until 1714.
King James I put an end to the Border
Reivers, making the area a safer place.
1707, Queen Anne manages to pass the Acts
of Union, that sees England and Scotland
united as a single sovereign state known as
The Acts of Union see Scotland and England
become safer places, leading to more travel
between the two countries, with greater
wealth for the border towns.
1838, the Newcastle to Carlisle railway
1861, the Town Hall was built, now used by
the County Police.
1944, a large military base is opened at
Castle by Haltwhistle for American troops
during World Warr Two 1939 - 1945. These
troops were amassing in England for the
invasion of France in June 1944.
1945 - 1948, the military base at
Haltwhistle is used as a German and Italian
Prisoner of War Camp, holding around 7000
oficers and men.
Today, Haltwhistle is a quiet scenic town
popular for tourists visiting Hadrian's Wall,
or stopping off for a break while traveling
between Carlisle and Newcastle.