Birdoswald Roman Fort, Museum and Hadrians
Wall is the most westerly part of the wall,
and most westerly fort. It is situated about
16 miles east of Carlisle by the village of
If you are traveling from the east,
Birdoswald is 44 miles west of Newcastle.
Birdoswald is one of the main forts built
alongside Hadrian’s Wall, the wall built from
122 AD - 128 AD with Emperor Hadrian living
76 AD - 138 AD.
The image below is of Hadrians Wall at
Birdoswald with the car park about 50 yards
down to the left, and visitor centre about 30
This is the start of the wall from the
west, or end if you are travelling from the
east. This is a good section to walk
following the wall about 4 miles east to the
Roman Army Museum and Waltown Quarry, as can
be seen in the distance, the highest hills
straight in line with the wall. The wall
stops at Gilsland then it is a path past the
village and on to Walton Quarry where the
wall begins again.
The path passes the remains of Thirwall
Castle built from 1255.
From Walton Quarry, it is about 10 miles
to the other end of what remains of Hadrians
wall just past Housesteads Roman Fort. This
14 miles has the best preseved sections of
the wall, the other 59 miles is now just a
path or mound.
This 14 miles of wall is over the highest
and most rugged points along the route, so
has great views, and is a good walking
You can walk from here to the Quaries or
Housteads Fort and catch the Hadrian's Wall
Bus back, but only certain buses run to
Birdoswald, so check the times.
The 1 mile walk from here to Gilsland is
real good passing the remains of a turret,
going down into a gorge, across a bridge, up
steps beside the wall, then into